What is the coast of refining crude oil ? ?

How many gallons of gasoline is made from 1 barrel of crude oil ? How much does it cost to make it ?

2 Responses to “What is the coast of refining crude oil ? ?”

  1. ion Says:

    a barrel of crude oil is 42 gallons.

    crude oil is a mishmash of hydrocarbons, from methane which has 1 carbon and is a gas, all the way up to dense, solid ones that have 70 or more carbon atoms. That is why crude oil needs to be refined, to seperate out these molecules into different groups.

    Gasoline is composed of hydrocarbons with 5 to 12 carbon atoms, which are light volatile liquids.

    So, not all of the crude oil ends up as gasoline. I think on average it’s just under half.

    So about 20 gallons of gasoline per 42 gallon barrel of crude oil.

    this is fairly useful http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energyfacts/sources/non-renewable/oil.html#Howused

    as for the cost of making it I don’t really know. As a guess, I would say that about 60%-70% of the price you pay for a gallon of gas goes towards the cost of producing it. The rest is taxes and profit.
    That’s a guess though. Plus it obviously varies a lot because when the price of gasoline doubles in the span of a year the actual cost of producing that gas hasn’t changed nearly that much. I would be interested to know how much it actually costs the oil companies to produce a gallon of gas.

  2. Robert J Says:

    A barrel of crude oil contains 42 gallons of oil per barrel. 42 gallons per barrel makes about 19½ gallons of gasoline, 9 gallons of fuel oil, 4 gallons of jet fuel, and 11 gallons of other products, including lubricants, kerosene, asphalt, and petrochemical feedstocks to make plastics. That adds up to more than 42 gallons because of something called "refinery gain" – the processing and chemical changes increase the volume.

    It is not possible to give the cost to refine a barrel of oil. The price of oil keeps changing daily and the oil companies have to pay different prices each time they buy oil so the refining cost would keep changing depending on this daily price.